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About Dracunculiasis

What is Dracunculiasis?

Dracunculiasis, also known as Guinea worm disease, is a parasitic infection caused by the roundworm Dracunculus medinensis. It is spread through contaminated drinking water and is characterized by a burning sensation in the skin, followed by the emergence of a worm from the skin. The disease is rarely fatal, but can cause severe pain and disability. Treatment involves manually removing the worm from the skin and administering antibiotics to prevent secondary infections.

What are the symptoms of Dracunculiasis?

The symptoms of Dracunculiasis, also known as Guinea worm disease, include:

-Intense Burning or Itching sensation in the area where the worm is emerging from the skin





-Abdominal pain

-Joint pain



-Swelling of the affected area


-Weight loss

-Muscle pain

-Loss of appetite

What are the causes of Dracunculiasis?

Dracunculiasis, also known as Guinea worm disease, is caused by the parasite Dracunculus medinensis. The parasite is contracted by drinking water contaminated with water fleas that contain the larvae of the parasite. Once ingested, the larvae mature and mate inside the human body, and the female worm migrates to the skin, usually on the lower extremities, where it causes a painful blister.

What are the treatments for Dracunculiasis?

The main treatment for Dracunculiasis is surgical removal of the worm. This involves making a small incision in the skin and using forceps to remove the worm. In some cases, antibiotics may be prescribed to reduce the risk of infection. In addition, people with Dracunculiasis should drink plenty of fluids to help flush the worm out of the body.

What are the risk factors for Dracunculiasis?

1. Living in or visiting an area where Dracunculiasis is endemic.
2. Poor access to safe drinking water.
3. Poor sanitation and hygiene practices.
4. Eating raw or undercooked fish or other aquatic animals.
5. Poor access to health care.
6. Low socioeconomic status.
7. Living in a rural area.
8. Lack of knowledge about the disease.

Is there a cure/medications for Dracunculiasis?

Yes, there is a cure for Dracunculiasis. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends treating the infection with a single dose of an anti-parasitic drug called albendazole or ivermectin. These medications are effective in killing the parasite and relieving the symptoms.