Main Image

About Discoid lupus erythematosus

What is Discoid lupus erythematosus?

Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) is a chronic skin condition that is caused by an autoimmune disorder. It is characterized by the presence of red, scaly patches on the skin that can be itchy and painful. The patches may also cause scarring and discoloration. DLE is more common in women than men and is most often seen in people between the ages of 20 and 40. Treatment for DLE typically includes topical and oral medications, as well as lifestyle changes.

What are the symptoms of Discoid lupus erythematosus?

The most common symptoms of discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) are:

-Raised, scaly, red patches on the skin, usually on the face, scalp, ears, and neck
-Hair loss on the affected areas
-Skin Lesions that may become thickened and scarred
-Sensitivity to sunlight
-Joint Pain and swelling
-Weight loss
-Mouth sores
-Eye inflammation

What are the causes of Discoid lupus erythematosus?

The exact cause of discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) is unknown. However, it is believed to be an autoimmune disorder, meaning that the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue. It is also thought to be triggered by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light, such as from the sun, as well as certain medications, infections, and stress.

What are the treatments for Discoid lupus erythematosus?

1. Topical corticosteroids: These are applied directly to the skin to reduce inflammation and help prevent scarring.

2. Systemic corticosteroids: These are taken orally or injected to reduce inflammation throughout the body.

3. Antimalarial drugs: These are used to reduce inflammation and help prevent flares.

4. Immunosuppressants: These are used to reduce the activity of the immune system and help prevent flares.

5. Phototherapy: This involves exposing the skin to ultraviolet light to reduce inflammation and help prevent flares.

6. Biologic therapies: These are newer treatments that target specific parts of the immune system to reduce inflammation and help prevent flares.

What are the risk factors for Discoid lupus erythematosus?

1. Being female
2. Being between the ages of 10 and 50
3. Having a family history of lupus
4. Having a history of exposure to ultraviolet light
5. Having a history of certain medications, such as anticonvulsants, antibiotics, and anti-inflammatory drugs
6. Having a weakened immune system
7. Having certain genetic factors, such as certain HLA types
8. Having certain environmental factors, such as exposure to certain chemicals or toxins

Is there a cure/medications for Discoid lupus erythematosus?

Yes, there are medications available to treat Discoid Lupus Erythematosus (DLE). These medications include corticosteroids, antimalarial drugs, and immunosuppressants. Additionally, phototherapy (light therapy) and topical treatments such as creams and ointments may be used to reduce inflammation and skin lesions.