The exact cause of diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is unknown. However, some risk factors have been identified, including:
• Age: DIPG is most commonly diagnosed in children between the ages of 5 and 10.
• Gender: Boys are more likely to be diagnosed with DIPG than girls.
• Family history: A family history of brain tumors may increase the risk of DIPG.
• Genetic mutations: Certain genetic mutations, such as those in the NF1 gene, may increase the risk of DIPG.
• Exposure to radiation: Exposure to radiation, such as radiation therapy for other cancers, may increase the risk of DIPG.