About Craniosynostosis, Boston type
What is Craniosynostosis, Boston type?
Craniosynostosis, Boston type is a rare genetic disorder that affects the development of the skull. It is caused by the premature fusion of one or more of the sutures (joints) between the bones of the skull. This can cause the skull to become misshapen and can lead to a range of physical and neurological problems. It is most commonly seen in children and is usually diagnosed in infancy. Treatment typically involves surgery to correct the shape of the skull and to relieve pressure on the brain.
What are the symptoms of Craniosynostosis, Boston type?
The symptoms of Craniosynostosis, Boston type, include:
-A wide, flat head shape
-A prominent forehead
-A wide, flat bridge of the nose
-A wide, flat area between the eyes
-A wide, flat area at the back of the head
-A wide, flat area at the sides of the head
-A wide, flat area at the top of the head
-A wide, flat area at the back of the neck
-A wide, flat area at the sides of the neck
-A wide, flat area at the front of the neck
-A wide, flat area at the back of the ears
-A wide, flat area at the sides of the ears
-A wide, flat area at the front of the ears
-A wide, flat area at the back
What are the causes of Craniosynostosis, Boston type?
1. Genetic mutations: Mutations in certain genes, such as FGFR2, TWIST1, and EFNB1, have been linked to Boston type craniosynostosis.
2. Environmental factors: Exposure to certain environmental factors, such as alcohol or smoking during pregnancy, may increase the risk of Boston type craniosynostosis.
3. Family history: A family history of Boston type craniosynostosis may increase the risk of the condition.
4. Unknown causes: In some cases, the cause of Boston type craniosynostosis is unknown.
What are the treatments for Craniosynostosis, Boston type?
1. Surgery: Surgery is the most common treatment for craniosynostosis, Boston type. The goal of surgery is to reshape the skull and allow for normal brain growth. This is done by removing the fused sutures and reshaping the skull bones.
2. Cranial Remolding Orthosis (CRO): This is a helmet-like device that is worn by the child to help reshape the skull. The helmet is worn for several months and is adjusted as the child grows.
3. Physical Therapy: Physical therapy can help improve the child’s range of motion and strength. It can also help with balance and coordination.
4. Occupational Therapy: Occupational therapy can help the child with activities of daily living, such as dressing, eating, and writing.
5. Speech Therapy: Speech
What are the risk factors for Craniosynostosis, Boston type?
1. Family history of craniosynostosis
2. Genetic mutations
3. Low birth weight
4. Premature birth
5. Exposure to certain medications or drugs during pregnancy
6. Maternal diabetes
7. Maternal smoking during pregnancy
8. Maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy
9. Maternal obesity
Is there a cure/medications for Craniosynostosis, Boston type?
Yes, there is a cure for Craniosynostosis, Boston type. The most common treatment is surgery to correct the shape of the skull and allow the brain to grow normally. Medications are not typically used to treat this condition, but may be prescribed to help manage any associated symptoms, such as seizures or headaches.