Main Image

About Corneal Dystrophies

What is Corneal Dystrophies?

Corneal dystrophies are a group of inherited eye disorders that cause progressive changes to the cornea, the clear outer layer of the eye. These disorders can cause vision loss and other eye problems. Symptoms vary depending on the type of corneal dystrophy, but may include blurred vision, sensitivity to light, and eye pain. Treatment options vary depending on the type and severity of the disorder, but may include medications, eye drops, and surgery.

What are the symptoms of Corneal Dystrophies?

The symptoms of corneal dystrophies vary depending on the type of dystrophy. Common symptoms include blurred vision, sensitivity to light, eye pain, and a decrease in vision. Other symptoms may include eye redness, tearing, and the presence of white or gray spots on the cornea.

What are the causes of Corneal Dystrophies?

Corneal dystrophies are caused by genetic mutations that affect the proteins in the cornea. These mutations can be inherited from a parent or can occur spontaneously. Other causes of corneal dystrophies include environmental factors, such as exposure to ultraviolet light, and certain medications.

What are the treatments for Corneal Dystrophies?

1. Corneal transplantation: This is the most common treatment for corneal dystrophies. It involves replacing the damaged cornea with a healthy donor cornea.

2. Phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK): This procedure uses a laser to remove the damaged corneal tissue and replace it with healthy tissue.

3. Corneal collagen cross-linking: This procedure uses ultraviolet light and riboflavin to strengthen the cornea and reduce the progression of the dystrophy.

4. Intacs: This procedure involves inserting tiny plastic rings into the cornea to reshape it and improve vision.

5. Corneal implants: This procedure involves implanting a synthetic material into the cornea to improve vision.

6. Corneal inlays: This

What are the risk factors for Corneal Dystrophies?

1. Genetic predisposition: Corneal dystrophies are usually inherited in an autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive pattern.

2. Age: Most corneal dystrophies are more common in adults, although some can affect children.

3. Gender: Certain types of corneal dystrophies are more common in males than females.

4. Ethnicity: Certain types of corneal dystrophies are more common in certain ethnic groups.

5. Environmental factors: Exposure to ultraviolet light, dust, and other environmental irritants may increase the risk of developing corneal dystrophies.

Is there a cure/medications for Corneal Dystrophies?

Corneal dystrophies are a group of genetic disorders that cause progressive changes in the cornea. There is no cure for corneal dystrophies, but there are treatments available to help manage the symptoms. These treatments include medications, such as eye drops, to reduce inflammation and pain, and surgery to improve vision. In some cases, a corneal transplant may be necessary.