About Congenital vertical talus
What is Congenital vertical talus?
Congenital vertical talus is a rare foot deformity that is present at birth. It is characterized by an abnormally high arch of the foot, with the heel pointing downward and the front of the foot pointing upward. This deformity can cause difficulty with walking and can lead to other foot and ankle problems. Treatment typically involves bracing and physical therapy to help correct the deformity. In some cases, surgery may be necessary.
What are the symptoms of Congenital vertical talus?
The main symptom of congenital vertical talus is a rigid, fixed foot deformity in which the sole of the foot is pointed downward and the top of the foot is pointed upward. Other symptoms may include:
-Pain in the foot or ankle
-Flattening of the arch of the foot
-Limited range of motion in the foot and ankle
-Abnormal positioning of the heel bone
-Abnormal positioning of the toes
-Abnormal positioning of the ankle joint
What are the causes of Congenital vertical talus?
The exact cause of congenital vertical talus is unknown. It is thought to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Possible causes include:
• Abnormal development of the foot during pregnancy
• Abnormal positioning of the foot in the womb
• Abnormal development of the muscles and tendons in the foot
• Abnormal development of the bones in the foot
• Abnormal development of the ligaments in the foot
• Abnormal development of the nerves in the foot
• Abnormal development of the blood vessels in the foot
• Abnormal development of the skin in the foot
• Abnormal development of the joints in the foot
• Abnormal development of the cartilage in the foot
• Abnormal development of the connective tissue in the foot
• Abnormal development
What are the treatments for Congenital vertical talus?
1. Serial Casting: This is the most common treatment for congenital vertical talus. It involves the use of a series of casts to gradually stretch the foot and ankle into a more normal position.
2. Surgery: Surgery may be necessary to correct the deformity and improve the function of the foot. This may involve cutting and repositioning the bones of the foot and ankle, as well as releasing tight tendons and ligaments.
3. Orthotics: Custom-made orthotics may be used to help support the foot and ankle in a more normal position.
4. Physical Therapy: Physical therapy may be recommended to help strengthen the muscles of the foot and ankle and improve range of motion.
What are the risk factors for Congenital vertical talus?
The exact cause of congenital vertical talus is unknown, but there are several risk factors that may increase the likelihood of a child developing the condition. These include:
• A family history of congenital vertical talus
• Maternal diabetes
• Maternal alcohol or drug use during pregnancy
• Maternal smoking during pregnancy
• Premature birth
• Low birth weight
• Abnormalities of the placenta or umbilical cord
• Abnormalities of the foot or ankle
• Abnormalities of the spine or pelvis
• Abnormalities of the nervous system
Is there a cure/medications for Congenital vertical talus?
There is no cure for congenital vertical talus, but there are treatments available to help manage the condition. Treatment typically involves a combination of physical therapy, bracing, and surgery. Medications such as muscle relaxants and anti-inflammatory drugs may also be prescribed to help reduce pain and swelling.