About Congenital non-communicating hydrocephalus

What is Congenital non-communicating hydrocephalus?

Congenital non-communicating hydrocephalus is a type of hydrocephalus that is present at birth. It is caused by a blockage in the flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) within the brain. This blockage prevents the CSF from circulating properly, leading to an accumulation of fluid in the brain. This can cause the head to become enlarged and can lead to a variety of neurological symptoms, including developmental delays, seizures, and vision problems. Treatment typically involves the placement of a shunt to drain the excess fluid from the brain.

What are the symptoms of Congenital non-communicating hydrocephalus?

The symptoms of Congenital non-communicating hydrocephalus vary depending on the age of the individual. In infants, the most common symptoms include:

-A Large head size
-A bulging fontanelle (the soft spot on the top of the head)
-Poor feeding

In older children and adults, the symptoms may include:

-Blurred vision
-Difficulty walking
-Loss of bladder control
-Personality changes
-Memory problems
-Difficulty concentrating

What are the causes of Congenital non-communicating hydrocephalus?

The exact cause of congenital non-communicating hydrocephalus is unknown. However, it is believed to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Possible causes include:

- Abnormal development of the brain before birth
- Abnormalities in the structure of the brain
- Infections during pregnancy
- Abnormalities in the flow of cerebrospinal fluid
- Birth defects
- Genetic mutations
- Trauma during birth
- Tumors in the brain

What are the treatments for Congenital non-communicating hydrocephalus?

1. Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt: This is the most common treatment for congenital non-communicating hydrocephalus. A VP shunt is a device that is surgically placed in the brain to divert the excess fluid away from the brain and into the abdomen, where it can be absorbed by the body.

2. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV): This is a minimally invasive procedure that involves creating a hole in the floor of the third ventricle to allow the fluid to drain out of the brain.

3. Endoscopic choroid plexus cauterization (ECPC): This procedure involves cauterizing the choroid plexus, which is a tissue in the brain that produces cerebrospinal fluid. Cauterizing the choroid p

What are the risk factors for Congenital non-communicating hydrocephalus?

1. Genetic mutations
2. Maternal infections during pregnancy
3. Premature birth
4. Low birth weight
5. Abnormal development of the brain
6. Abnormal development of the spinal cord
7. Abnormal development of the skull
8. Abnormal development of the ventricles
9. Abnormal development of the choroid plexus
10. Abnormal development of the aqueduct of Sylvius
11. Abnormal development of the fourth ventricle
12. Abnormal development of the cerebellum
13. Abnormal development of the corpus callosum
14. Abnormal development of the septum pellucidum
15. Abnormal development of the hypothalamus
16. Abnormal development of the thalamus
17. Abnormal development of the basal ganglia

Is there a cure/medications for Congenital non-communicating hydrocephalus?

There is no cure for congenital non-communicating hydrocephalus, but there are treatments available. The most common treatment is a shunt system, which is a surgically implanted device that helps to drain the excess fluid from the brain. Other treatments may include medications to reduce the amount of fluid in the brain, or to reduce the pressure in the brain.