About Congenital laryngeal cyst

What is Congenital laryngeal cyst?

Congenital laryngeal cyst is a rare birth defect in which a cyst forms in the larynx (voice box). It is usually present at birth and can cause difficulty breathing, a hoarse voice, and a feeling of something stuck in the throat. Treatment usually involves surgical removal of the cyst.

What are the symptoms of Congenital laryngeal cyst?

The most common symptoms of congenital laryngeal cysts include:

-Noisy breathing
-Difficulty breathing
-Stridor (high-pitched sound when breathing)
-Recurrent respiratory infections
-Recurrent episodes of laryngitis
-Choking or gagging
-Difficulty swallowing
-Sleep apnea

What are the causes of Congenital laryngeal cyst?

Congenital laryngeal cysts are thought to be caused by abnormal development of the larynx during fetal development. They may be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors, such as exposure to certain medications or infections during pregnancy.

What are the treatments for Congenital laryngeal cyst?

1. Endoscopic laser excision: This procedure involves using a laser to remove the cyst from the larynx.

2. Open surgical excision: This procedure involves making an incision in the neck and removing the cyst.

3. Endoscopic marsupialization: This procedure involves making a small incision in the cyst and allowing it to drain.

4. Injection of steroids: This procedure involves injecting a steroid into the cyst to reduce inflammation and swelling.

5. Voice therapy: This involves working with a speech-language pathologist to help improve vocal quality and reduce vocal strain.

What are the risk factors for Congenital laryngeal cyst?

1. Maternal diabetes
2. Maternal smoking
3. Maternal alcohol consumption
4. Maternal use of certain medications
5. Maternal exposure to certain environmental toxins
6. Genetic predisposition
7. Premature birth
8. Low birth weight
9. Male gender

Is there a cure/medications for Congenital laryngeal cyst?

There is no cure for congenital laryngeal cysts, but they can be managed with medications such as antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, and steroids. Surgery may also be necessary to remove the cyst or to repair any damage caused by the cyst.