About Congenital cornea plana

What is Congenital cornea plana?

Congenital cornea plana is a rare eye disorder that is present at birth. It is characterized by a flat cornea, which is the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye. People with this condition may have decreased vision, sensitivity to light, and an increased risk of developing glaucoma. Treatment typically involves the use of corrective lenses and/or surgery.

What are the symptoms of Congenital cornea plana?

The most common symptom of congenital cornea plana is decreased vision. Other symptoms may include:

- Cloudy or hazy vision

- Sensitivity to light

- Excessive tearing

- Abnormal pupil shape

- Abnormal corneal shape

- Abnormal corneal thickness

- Abnormal corneal curvature

- Abnormal corneal surface

- Abnormal corneal reflexes

- Abnormal corneal sensation

- Abnormal corneal transparency

- Abnormal corneal vascularization

- Abnormal corneal pigmentation

- Abnormal corneal ulceration

What are the causes of Congenital cornea plana?

Congenital cornea plana is a rare eye disorder that is present at birth. It is caused by a genetic mutation that affects the development of the cornea, the clear outer layer of the eye. The exact cause of this mutation is unknown, but it is believed to be inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern. Other possible causes include environmental factors, such as exposure to certain chemicals or radiation, or a viral infection during pregnancy.

What are the treatments for Congenital cornea plana?

1. Corneal transplantation: This is the most common treatment for congenital cornea plana. It involves replacing the damaged cornea with a healthy donor cornea.

2. Intacs: Intacs are small, curved plastic inserts that are surgically placed in the cornea to improve its shape and vision.

3. Corneal collagen cross-linking: This procedure strengthens the cornea by using ultraviolet light and riboflavin (vitamin B2) to create new bonds between the collagen fibers in the cornea.

4. Corneal implants: These are artificial lenses that are surgically implanted in the eye to improve vision.

5. Artificial tears: Artificial tears can help to lubricate the eye and reduce discomfort.

What are the risk factors for Congenital cornea plana?

1. Genetic mutations
2. Family history of the condition
3. Maternal diabetes
4. Maternal rubella infection
5. Maternal use of certain medications during pregnancy
6. Exposure to certain environmental toxins
7. Premature birth
8. Low birth weight

Is there a cure/medications for Congenital cornea plana?

At this time, there is no cure for congenital cornea plana. However, there are medications that can be used to manage the symptoms. These include topical lubricants, antibiotics, and corticosteroids. In some cases, surgery may be recommended to improve vision.