1. Prosthetic fitting: Prosthetic fitting is the most common treatment for congenital absence of the upper arm and forearm with hand present. A prosthetic device is custom-made to fit the individual and can be used to help with activities of daily living, such as dressing, eating, and writing.
2. Surgery: Surgery may be recommended to improve the function of the hand and arm. This may include tendon transfers, joint fusion, and muscle transfers.
3. Physical therapy: Physical therapy can help improve range of motion, strength, and coordination of the affected arm and hand.
4. Occupational therapy: Occupational therapy can help the individual learn how to use the prosthetic device and adapt to daily activities.
5. Psychological support: Psychological support can help the individual cope with the physical and emotional challenges associated with