The risk factors for closed iniencephaly include:
1. Maternal age: Women over the age of 35 are at an increased risk of having a baby with closed iniencephaly.
2. Maternal health: Women with certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, hypertension, and obesity, are at an increased risk of having a baby with closed iniencephaly.
3. Genetic factors: Certain genetic conditions, such as trisomy 13 and 18, can increase the risk of closed iniencephaly.
4. Environmental factors: Exposure to certain environmental toxins, such as alcohol, drugs, and radiation, can increase the risk of closed iniencephaly.
5. Infections: Certain infections, such as rubella, cytomegalovirus, and toxoplasmosis, can increase the