Main Image

About Chronic intestinal pseudoobstruction

What is Chronic intestinal pseudoobstruction?

Chronic intestinal pseudoobstruction (CIP) is a rare disorder that affects the digestive system. It is characterized by symptoms similar to those of an intestinal obstruction, such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and constipation, but without any actual blockage in the intestines. CIP is caused by a malfunction of the muscles and nerves in the digestive system, which prevents the normal movement of food through the intestines. Treatment for CIP typically involves medications to reduce symptoms and improve digestion, as well as lifestyle changes to reduce stress and improve nutrition.

What are the symptoms of Chronic intestinal pseudoobstruction?

The symptoms of Chronic intestinal pseudoobstruction (CIP) vary depending on the severity of the condition, but may include:

- Abdominal pain

- Bloating

- Nausea

- Vomiting
- Constipation
- Diarrhea
- Weight loss
- Malnutrition
- Fatigue
- Weakness
- Loss of appetite
- Abdominal distention
- Abdominal tenderness
- Abdominal mass
- Abnormal stools
- Abnormal blood tests
- Abnormal imaging studies

What are the causes of Chronic intestinal pseudoobstruction?

The causes of chronic intestinal pseudoobstruction (CIPO) can be divided into two categories: primary and secondary.

Primary CIPO is caused by a genetic mutation that affects the muscles and nerves of the intestines, leading to a lack of coordination between the muscles and nerves. This can cause the intestines to become blocked or slow down, leading to symptoms of CIPO.

Secondary CIPO is caused by an underlying medical condition or injury that affects the muscles and nerves of the intestines. This can include conditions such as diabetes, scleroderma, amyloidosis, and spinal cord injury. Other causes of secondary CIPO include certain medications, radiation therapy, and abdominal surgery.

What are the treatments for Chronic intestinal pseudoobstruction?

1. Dietary modifications: Eating smaller meals more frequently, avoiding high-fiber foods, and avoiding foods that are difficult to digest.

2. Medications: Antispasmodic medications, antibiotics, and laxatives may be prescribed to help reduce symptoms.

3. Surgery: Surgery may be necessary to remove a blockage or to create a bypass around the obstruction.

4. Intestinal Transplant: In severe cases, a transplant of the entire intestine may be necessary.

5. Nutritional Support: Intravenous nutrition may be necessary to provide adequate nutrition.

What are the risk factors for Chronic intestinal pseudoobstruction?

1. Genetic mutations
2. Abnormalities in the muscles or nerves of the digestive tract
3. Certain medications
4. Previous abdominal surgery
5. Abnormalities in the digestive tract
6. Immune system disorders
7. Endocrine disorders
8. Metabolic disorders
9. Connective tissue disorders
10. Radiation therapy

Is there a cure/medications for Chronic intestinal pseudoobstruction?

There is no cure for chronic intestinal pseudoobstruction (CIPO). Treatment focuses on managing symptoms and preventing complications. Medications used to treat CIPO include laxatives, antibiotics, prokinetics, and antispasmodics. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove a blockage or to create a bypass.