About Choledochal cyst

What is Choledochal cyst?

Choledochal cysts are cysts that form in the bile ducts, which are the tubes that carry bile from the liver to the small intestine. These cysts can be present at birth or can develop later in life. They can cause a variety of symptoms, including abdominal pain, jaundice, and fever. Treatment typically involves surgical removal of the cyst.

What are the symptoms of Choledochal cyst?

The most common symptoms of a choledochal cyst include abdominal pain, jaundice, fever, nausea, vomiting, and dark urine. Other symptoms may include weight loss, abdominal swelling, and Pain in the right upper abdomen. In some cases, a choledochal cyst may cause no symptoms at all.

What are the causes of Choledochal cyst?

The exact cause of choledochal cysts is unknown. However, some experts believe that the cysts may be caused by abnormal development of the bile ducts during fetal development. Other possible causes include genetic mutations, infections, and inflammation.

What are the treatments for Choledochal cyst?

The treatment for choledochal cyst depends on the size and type of cyst. Treatment options include:

1. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP): This procedure involves inserting a thin tube with a camera through the mouth and into the bile ducts. The doctor can then use a special tool to remove the cyst.

2. Laparoscopic surgery: This procedure involves making small incisions in the abdomen and using a camera to view the cyst. The doctor can then remove the cyst using special tools.

3. Open surgery: This procedure involves making a larger incision in the abdomen and removing the cyst.

4. Endoscopic sphincterotomy: This procedure involves inserting a thin tube with a camera through the mouth and into the bile ducts

What are the risk factors for Choledochal cyst?

1. Congenital biliary tract abnormalities
2. Family history of choledochal cysts
3. Abnormalities of the pancreas
4. Abnormalities of the gallbladder
5. Abnormalities of the common bile duct
6. Abnormalities of the liver
7. Abnormalities of the duodenum
8. Abnormalities of the small intestine
9. Abnormalities of the colon
10. Abnormalities of the spleen
11. Abnormalities of the kidneys
12. Abnormalities of the adrenal glands
13. Abnormalities of the thyroid gland
14. Abnormalities of the reproductive organs
15. Abnormalities of the urinary tract
16. Abnormalities of the cardiovascular system
17. Abnormalities of the lymphatic

Is there a cure/medications for Choledochal cyst?

Yes, there are treatments available for choledochal cysts. Treatment typically involves surgical removal of the cyst and repair of the bile ducts. Medications may also be prescribed to reduce inflammation and pain.