About Choanal atresia, unilateral

What is Choanal atresia, unilateral?

Choanal atresia, unilateral is a birth defect in which the nasal passage on one side of the nose is blocked. This can cause difficulty breathing through the nose and can lead to a buildup of fluid in the sinuses. Treatment typically involves surgery to open the blocked passage.

What are the symptoms of Choanal atresia, unilateral?

The symptoms of unilateral choanal atresia include:

-Difficulty breathing through the nose
-Noisy breathing
-Nasal congestion
-Recurrent ear infections
-Sleep apnea
-Cyanosis (bluish discoloration of the skin)
-Failure to thrive in infants
-Difficulty feeding
-Poor weight gain

What are the causes of Choanal atresia, unilateral?

1. Congenital: Choanal atresia is a congenital condition, meaning it is present at birth. It is caused by abnormal development of the nasal passages during fetal development.

2. Genetic: Choanal atresia can be caused by genetic mutations, such as mutations in the genes that control the development of the nasal passages.

3. Environmental: Exposure to certain environmental factors, such as certain medications, alcohol, or smoking during pregnancy, can increase the risk of choanal atresia.

4. Infection: Infections during pregnancy, such as rubella, can increase the risk of choanal atresia.

5. Trauma: Trauma to the head or face during pregnancy can increase the risk of choanal atresia.

What are the treatments for Choanal atresia, unilateral?

1. Surgery: Surgery is the most common treatment for choanal atresia, unilateral. The goal of the surgery is to create a new opening in the wall of the nasal cavity. This is usually done by making an incision in the wall of the nasal cavity and then using a drill to create a new opening.

2. Stenting: Stenting is another option for treating choanal atresia, unilateral. This involves placing a small tube in the opening of the nasal cavity to keep it open. The tube is usually left in place for several weeks or months to allow the opening to heal.

3. Endoscopic Surgery: Endoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive procedure that can be used to treat choanal atresia, unilateral. During this procedure, a small camera is inserted into the nasal cavity to help the

What are the risk factors for Choanal atresia, unilateral?

1. Genetic factors: Choanal atresia is often associated with genetic syndromes such as CHARGE syndrome, Treacher Collins syndrome, and Goldenhar syndrome.

2. Environmental factors: Exposure to certain environmental toxins, such as alcohol, during pregnancy may increase the risk of choanal atresia.

3. Family history: A family history of choanal atresia increases the risk of the condition.

4. Premature birth: Babies born prematurely are more likely to have choanal atresia than those born at full term.

5. Low birth weight: Babies born with a low birth weight are more likely to have choanal atresia than those born at a normal weight.

Is there a cure/medications for Choanal atresia, unilateral?

Yes, there is a cure for choanal atresia, unilateral. The most common treatment is a surgical procedure called a choanal atresia repair. This procedure involves making an opening in the back of the nose to allow air to pass through. In some cases, a stent may be placed to keep the opening open. Medications may also be prescribed to reduce inflammation and help with healing.