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About Cervical Dystonia

What is Cervical Dystonia?

Cervical dystonia is a neurological disorder that causes the muscles in the neck to contract involuntarily, resulting in abnormal head and neck movements. Symptoms of cervical dystonia can include neck pain, stiffness, and spasms that cause the head to twist or turn to one side. Treatment options for cervical dystonia include medications, physical therapy, and botulinum toxin injections.

What are the symptoms of Cervical Dystonia?

The most common symptoms of Cervical Dystonia are:

-Involuntary Muscle contractions in the neck, causing the head to twist or turn to one side
-Pain in the neck, shoulders, and head
-Stiffness in the neck
-Difficulty turning the head
-Difficulty speaking or swallowing

What are the causes of Cervical Dystonia?

The exact cause of cervical dystonia is unknown, but it is believed to be related to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Possible causes include:

- Abnormalities in the basal ganglia, a part of the brain that helps control movement

- Abnormalities in the neurotransmitters, chemicals that help transmit signals between nerve cells

- Injury to the neck or head

- Certain medications

- Infections

- Stress or emotional trauma

- Family history of dystonia

What are the treatments for Cervical Dystonia?

The most common treatments for Cervical Dystonia include:

1. Botulinum toxin injections: Botulinum toxin injections are the most common and effective treatment for Cervical Dystonia. The injections are used to relax the muscles that are causing the spasms and can provide relief for several months.

2. Oral medications: Oral medications such as trihexyphenidyl, baclofen, and tetrabenazine can be used to reduce the severity of the spasms.

3. Physical therapy: Physical therapy can help to strengthen the muscles and improve range of motion.

4. Surgery: Surgery may be an option for some people with Cervical Dystonia. The goal of surgery is to reduce the severity of the spasms and improve range of motion.

5. Deep brain

What are the risk factors for Cervical Dystonia?

1. Age: Cervical dystonia is most common in adults between the ages of 40 and 60.

2. Gender: Women are more likely to develop cervical dystonia than men.

3. Family history: Having a family member with cervical dystonia increases the risk of developing the condition.

4. Certain medical conditions: People with Parkinson’s disease, stroke, or head trauma are more likely to develop cervical dystonia.

5. Certain medications: Taking certain medications, such as antipsychotics or anti-nausea drugs, can increase the risk of developing cervical dystonia.

Is there a cure/medications for Cervical Dystonia?

Yes, there are medications and treatments available for Cervical Dystonia. Medications such as Botox injections, anticholinergics, and muscle relaxants can help reduce the symptoms of Cervical Dystonia. Other treatments such as physical therapy, biofeedback, and deep brain stimulation may also be recommended.