The primary treatment for Carnosinemia is dietary management. This includes avoiding foods that are high in carnosine, such as red meat, poultry, fish, and dairy products. Additionally, a low-protein diet may be recommended to reduce the amount of carnosine in the body.
Other treatments may include supplementation with carnosine precursors, such as taurine and beta-alanine, as well as carnosine-degrading enzymes. In some cases, medications such as anticonvulsants may be prescribed to help control seizures. In severe cases, a liver transplant may be necessary.