About Brucellosis

What is Brucellosis?

Brucellosis is a bacterial infection caused by the bacteria Brucella. It is a zoonotic disease, meaning it can be spread from animals to humans. Symptoms of brucellosis in humans include fever, fatigue, joint pain, and headaches. Treatment typically involves antibiotics.

What are the symptoms of Brucellosis?

The symptoms of brucellosis can vary depending on the individual, but common symptoms include:




-Muscle and joint pain
-Loss of appetite
-Weight loss
-Enlarged lymph nodes
-Abdominal pain
-Nausea and vomiting
-Night sweats

What are the causes of Brucellosis?

Brucellosis is caused by bacteria from the genus Brucella. These bacteria are typically found in animals, such as cattle, goats, sheep, pigs, and camels, and can be transmitted to humans through contact with infected animals or their products, such as unpasteurized milk or cheese. In some cases, humans can also become infected through contact with an infected person or through inhalation of aerosolized bacteria.

What are the treatments for Brucellosis?

The main treatment for brucellosis is antibiotics. The most commonly used antibiotics are doxycycline, rifampin, and streptomycin. Other antibiotics that may be used include gentamicin, ciprofloxacin, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. In some cases, a combination of antibiotics may be used. In addition to antibiotics, supportive care such as rest, fluids, and pain relievers may be recommended.

What are the risk factors for Brucellosis?

1. Eating raw or undercooked meat or dairy products from infected animals
2. Working with infected animals or their tissues
3. Drinking unpasteurized milk or eating unpasteurized dairy products
4. Working in a laboratory with Brucella bacteria
5. Traveling to or living in an area where Brucellosis is common
6. Having contact with an infected person or animal
7. Having a weakened immune system due to HIV/AIDS, cancer, or other conditions

Is there a cure/medications for Brucellosis?

Yes, there are medications available to treat Brucellosis. The most commonly used medications are doxycycline, rifampin, and streptomycin. These medications are usually taken for 6-8 weeks. In some cases, a combination of medications may be used. It is important to take all medications as prescribed by your doctor and to finish the entire course of treatment.