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About Bowen Disease

What is Bowen Disease?

Bowen disease is a type of skin cancer that is caused by an abnormal growth of cells in the outer layer of the skin. It is also known as squamous cell carcinoma in situ. It usually appears as a red, scaly patch on the skin and can be found on any part of the body. It is usually treated with topical medications, cryotherapy, or surgery.

What are the symptoms of Bowen Disease?

The most common symptom of Bowen Disease is a scaly, red patch on the skin. Other symptoms may include itching, burning, or tenderness in the affected area. In some cases, the patch may become thicker, raised, or crusted. In rare cases, Bowen Disease can spread to other parts of the body.

What are the causes of Bowen Disease?

Bowen Disease is caused by an abnormal growth of skin cells due to an infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV). Other possible causes include exposure to certain chemicals, radiation, or ultraviolet light.

What are the treatments for Bowen Disease?

The primary treatment for Bowen Disease is cryotherapy, which involves freezing the affected area with liquid nitrogen. Other treatments may include topical medications, laser therapy, or surgical excision. In some cases, a combination of treatments may be used.

What are the risk factors for Bowen Disease?

1. Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or tanning beds.
2. A weakened immune system due to HIV/AIDS, organ transplant, or chemotherapy.
3. Chronic skin irritation or injury.
4. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.
5. Smoking.
6. Chronic skin conditions such as psoriasis or eczema.
7. Age (Bowen Disease is more common in people over the age of 60).
8. Fair skin and light-colored eyes.

Is there a cure/medications for Bowen Disease?

Yes, there are treatments available for Bowen Disease. These include topical medications such as 5-fluorouracil, imiquimod, and diclofenac, as well as cryotherapy, laser therapy, and surgical excision. Your doctor will be able to advise you on the best treatment option for your particular case.