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About Blount disease

What is Blount disease?

Blount disease is a growth disorder that affects the bones in the lower legs. It is caused by abnormal growth of the shinbone (tibia) and is most common in children between the ages of 2 and 5. It can cause bowing of the legs, pain, and difficulty walking. Treatment typically involves bracing and physical therapy. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary.

What are the symptoms of Blount disease?

The most common symptoms of Blount disease include:

-Pain in the lower legs, especially when walking or running
-Bowing of the lower legs
-Uneven leg lengths
-Difficulty walking
-Pain in the hips, knees, and ankles
-Flattening of the feet
-Abnormal gait (walking pattern)

What are the causes of Blount disease?

Blount disease is caused by an imbalance between the growth of the medial (inner) and lateral (outer) parts of the tibia (shinbone). This imbalance is usually caused by an abnormal amount of weight-bearing on the inner part of the leg, which can be caused by obesity, early walking, or certain genetic conditions.

What are the treatments for Blount disease?

The primary treatment for Blount disease is surgery. The goal of surgery is to correct the deformity and restore normal alignment of the lower leg. This may involve cutting and realigning the shinbone (tibia) and/or the thighbone (femur). In some cases, a metal plate and screws may be used to hold the bones in place. Other treatments may include physical therapy, bracing, and orthotics.

What are the risk factors for Blount disease?

1. Obesity
2. Rapid growth
3. Gender (more common in males)
4. Family history
5. Premature birth
6. Low birth weight
7. Abnormal foot structure
8. Abnormal gait
9. Flat feet
10. Excessive pronation of the foot

Is there a cure/medications for Blount disease?

Yes, there are treatments available for Blount disease. Treatment typically involves bracing and physical therapy to help correct the alignment of the legs. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to correct the alignment of the legs. Medications may also be prescribed to help reduce pain and inflammation.