Main Image

About Blastomycosis

What is Blastomycosis?

Blastomycosis is a fungal infection caused by the fungus Blastomyces dermatitidis. It is found in soil and decaying wood in certain parts of the United States, Canada, and Africa. Symptoms of blastomycosis can include fever, chest pain, coughing, and shortness of breath. Treatment typically involves antifungal medications.

What are the symptoms of Blastomycosis?

The most common symptoms of blastomycosis include:

-Shortness of breath
-Chest pain
-Weight loss
-Night sweats
-Muscle aches
-Joint pain
-Skin Lesions or rashes
-Eye Irritation or redness
-Nausea and vomiting

What are the causes of Blastomycosis?

Blastomycosis is caused by the fungus Blastomyces dermatitidis, which is found in soil and decaying wood. It is most commonly found in the Midwest and southeastern United States, as well as parts of Canada. People can become infected when they inhale the fungal spores, which can be released into the air when soil or wood is disturbed. People can also become infected through direct contact with the fungus, such as when handling soil or wood.

What are the treatments for Blastomycosis?

The most common treatments for blastomycosis include antifungal medications such as itraconazole, fluconazole, and amphotericin B. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove infected tissue. In addition, supportive care such as oxygen therapy, intravenous fluids, and pain medications may be necessary.

What are the risk factors for Blastomycosis?

1. Living in or visiting an area where the fungus is found
2. Having a weakened immune system
3. Working or playing in soil or wooded areas
4. Having contact with an infected animal
5. Having a lung or skin injury
6. Having a chronic lung disease
7. Being exposed to contaminated water or soil
8. Being exposed to bird or bat droppings

Is there a cure/medications for Blastomycosis?

Yes, there are medications available to treat blastomycosis. The most commonly used medications are itraconazole, amphotericin B, and fluconazole. Treatment usually lasts for several months and may require hospitalization in severe cases. In addition, supportive care such as rest, fluids, and oxygen may be necessary.