About Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor
What is Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor?
Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) is a rare, aggressive type of cancer that usually affects children under the age of three. It is a tumor of the central nervous system, most commonly found in the brain and spinal cord. AT/RT is a fast-growing tumor that is difficult to treat and has a poor prognosis. Treatment typically includes surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy.
What are the symptoms of Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor?
The most common symptoms of an atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) include:
-Abnormal eye movements
-Abnormal head size
-Abnormal facial features
-Abnormal muscle tone
-Abnormal heart rate
-Abnormal blood pressure
-Abnormal body temperature
-Abnormal skin color
-Abnormal weight gain or loss
-Abnormal urine output
-Abnormal stool output
-Abnormal sleep patterns
What are the causes of Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor?
Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) is a rare and aggressive type of cancer that primarily affects young children. The exact cause of AT/RT is unknown, but it is believed to be related to a genetic mutation. It is thought that the mutation occurs in a gene called SMARCB1, which is responsible for controlling cell growth and division. Other possible causes of AT/RT include exposure to radiation, certain viruses, and environmental toxins.
What are the treatments for Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor?
The main treatment for atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor is surgery to remove as much of the tumor as possible. This is usually followed by chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Other treatments may include targeted therapy, immunotherapy, and stem cell transplantation.
What are the risk factors for Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor?
1. Age: Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumors (ATRT) are most commonly found in children under the age of three.
2. Genetic mutations: ATRT is associated with mutations in the SMARCB1 gene, which is involved in the regulation of cell growth and division.
3. Family history: A family history of ATRT or other tumors of the central nervous system may increase the risk of developing ATRT.
4. Exposure to radiation: Exposure to radiation, such as radiation therapy for other cancers, may increase the risk of developing ATRT.
Is there a cure/medications for Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor?
Unfortunately, there is no known cure for atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT). Treatment typically involves a combination of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery. Medications used to treat AT/RT may include vincristine, carboplatin, etoposide, and cyclophosphamide.