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About Apnea, Infantile

What is Apnea, Infantile?

Apnea, infantile is a condition in which an infant stops breathing for a period of time. It is most common in premature babies, but can also occur in full-term infants. Symptoms of infantile apnea include pauses in breathing, shallow breathing, and a decrease in oxygen levels in the blood. Treatment for infantile apnea may include oxygen therapy, medications, and in some cases, surgery.

What are the symptoms of Apnea, Infantile?

The symptoms of infantile apnea include:

-Breathing pauses that last for more than 20 seconds
-Gasping or choking during sleep
-Breathing that is shallow or labored
-Frequent waking during the night
-Excessive sleepiness during the day
-Poor feeding
-Failure to gain weight or grow at a normal rate

What are the causes of Apnea, Infantile?

1. Prematurity: Premature babies are more likely to suffer from apnea due to their immature respiratory system.

2. Respiratory Infections: Respiratory infections can cause inflammation in the airways, leading to apnea.

3. Congenital Abnormalities: Congenital abnormalities such as a cleft palate or laryngeal web can cause apnea in infants.

4. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD): GERD can cause apnea in infants due to the irritation of the airways.

5. Anemia: Anemia can cause apnea in infants due to the lack of oxygen in the blood.

6. Metabolic Disorders: Metabolic disorders such as hypoglycemia can cause apnea in infants.

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What are the treatments for Apnea, Infantile?

1. Positive Airway Pressure (PAP): PAP is a form of therapy that uses a machine to deliver a steady stream of air into the airway to keep it open.

2. Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP): CPAP is similar to PAP, but it delivers a higher pressure of air to keep the airway open.

3. Nasal Intermittent Positive Pressure Ventilation (NIPPV): NIPPV is a form of therapy that uses a mask to deliver a steady stream of air into the airway to keep it open.

4. Surgery: Surgery may be recommended in some cases to remove any blockages in the airway.

5. Lifestyle Changes: Making lifestyle changes such as avoiding smoking, reducing alcohol consumption, and maintaining a healthy weight can help reduce the risk of ap

What are the risk factors for Apnea, Infantile?

1. Premature birth
2. Low birth weight
3. Male gender
4. Family history of sleep apnea
5. Respiratory infections
6. Abnormalities of the upper airway
7. Enlarged tonsils and adenoids
8. Obesity
9. Neurological disorders
10. Metabolic disorders
11. Endocrine disorders
12. Congenital heart disease
13. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
14. Use of certain medications

Is there a cure/medications for Apnea, Infantile?

Yes, there are treatments available for infantile apnea. Treatment options may include medications, such as caffeine, to stimulate breathing, or a breathing machine to help regulate breathing. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to correct any underlying physical issues that may be causing the apnea.