About Anemia, Pernicious
What is Anemia, Pernicious?
Anemia, Pernicious is a type of anemia caused by a lack of vitamin B12. It is caused by an inability to absorb vitamin B12 due to a lack of intrinsic factor, a protein produced in the stomach. Symptoms of Pernicious Anemia include fatigue, weakness, pale skin, shortness of breath, and a sore tongue. Treatment typically involves taking vitamin B12 supplements or receiving regular injections of the vitamin.
What are the symptoms of Anemia, Pernicious?
The symptoms of Pernicious Anemia include:
-Shortness of breath
-Loss of appetite
-Numbness or Tingling in the hands and feet
-Loss of concentration
-Loss of balance
-Loss of coordination
-Loss of memory
What are the causes of Anemia, Pernicious?
Pernicious anemia is caused by a lack of vitamin B12 in the body. This can be due to a lack of dietary intake, malabsorption, or autoimmune destruction of the cells in the stomach that produce intrinsic factor, which is necessary for the absorption of vitamin B12. Other causes of pernicious anemia include certain medications, such as metformin, and certain genetic conditions, such as the MTHFR gene mutation.
What are the treatments for Anemia, Pernicious?
The primary treatment for pernicious anemia is vitamin B12 injections. These injections are usually given once a month and can help to restore normal levels of vitamin B12 in the body. Other treatments may include taking oral vitamin B12 supplements, eating a diet rich in vitamin B12, and taking folic acid supplements. In some cases, a blood transfusion may be necessary.
What are the risk factors for Anemia, Pernicious?
The risk factors for pernicious anemia include:
• Age: Pernicious anemia is more common in people over the age of 60.
• Gender: Women are more likely to develop pernicious anemia than men.
• Family history: Having a family history of pernicious anemia increases the risk of developing the condition.
• Autoimmune disorders: People with autoimmune disorders such as Graves’ disease, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, and type 1 diabetes are at an increased risk of developing pernicious anemia.
• Gastrointestinal disorders: People with gastrointestinal disorders such as Crohn’s disease, celiac disease, and ulcerative colitis are at an increased risk of developing pernicious anemia.
• Vitamin B12 deficiency: People with a vitamin
Is there a cure/medications for Anemia, Pernicious?
Yes, there are treatments available for both anemia and pernicious anemia. For anemia, treatments may include iron supplements, vitamin B12 supplements, and folic acid supplements. For pernicious anemia, treatments may include vitamin B12 injections, oral vitamin B12 supplements, and folic acid supplements. In some cases, medications such as hydroxyurea or dapsone may be prescribed.