About Adult hepatocellular carcinoma

What is Adult hepatocellular carcinoma?

Adult hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a type of cancer that starts in the cells of the liver. It is the most common type of primary liver cancer in adults. HCC is usually caused by long-term damage to the liver from conditions such as cirrhosis, hepatitis B or C, or alcohol abuse. Symptoms of HCC may include abdominal pain, weight loss, jaundice, and a lump in the abdomen. Treatment options may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and targeted therapy.

What are the symptoms of Adult hepatocellular carcinoma?

Common symptoms of adult hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) include:

- Abdominal pain
- Unexplained weight loss
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea and vomiting
- Abdominal swelling
- Yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice)
- Itching
- Enlarged veins in the abdomen
- Easy bruising or bleeding
- Dark-colored urine
- Light-colored stools
- Fatigue

What are the causes of Adult hepatocellular carcinoma?

1. Chronic infection with hepatitis B or C virus
2. Cirrhosis
3. Alcohol abuse
4. Smoking
5. Exposure to certain chemicals, such as aflatoxin
6. Diabetes
7. Obesity
8. Family history of the disease
9. Gender (men are more likely to develop the disease than women)
10. Age (the risk increases with age)

What are the treatments for Adult hepatocellular carcinoma?

1. Surgery: Surgery is the most common treatment for adult hepatocellular carcinoma. The goal of surgery is to remove the tumor and some of the healthy tissue around it.

2. Radiofrequency ablation: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a procedure that uses heat to destroy cancer cells. It is usually done with a needle that is inserted into the tumor.

3. Transarterial chemoembolization: Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is a procedure that combines chemotherapy and embolization. During the procedure, a catheter is inserted into an artery in the liver. The catheter delivers chemotherapy drugs directly to the tumor.

4. Targeted therapy: Targeted therapy is a type of treatment that uses drugs to target specific molecules in cancer cells. This type of therapy can

What are the risk factors for Adult hepatocellular carcinoma?

1. Chronic infection with hepatitis B or C virus
2. Cirrhosis
3. Alcohol abuse
4. Smoking
5. Diabetes
6. Obesity
7. Exposure to aflatoxins
8. Family history of hepatocellular carcinoma
9. Male gender
10. Age (over 40)

Is there a cure/medications for Adult hepatocellular carcinoma?

Yes, there are several treatments available for adult hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). These include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. Depending on the stage of the cancer, the patient's overall health, and other factors, the doctor may recommend one or more of these treatments. In some cases, a combination of treatments may be used.