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About Acute transverse myelitis

What is Acute transverse myelitis?

Acute transverse myelitis is an inflammatory disorder of the spinal cord that can cause pain, muscle weakness, and sensory disturbances in the arms and legs. It is caused by an infection or an autoimmune reaction, and can lead to paralysis. Treatment typically includes corticosteroids, physical therapy, and other medications.

What are the symptoms of Acute transverse myelitis?

The symptoms of Acute transverse myelitis can vary depending on the severity of the condition and the area of the spinal cord that is affected. Common symptoms include:

- Weakness or Paralysis in the legs, arms, or trunk

- Loss of sensation or feeling in the legs, arms, or trunk

- Pain in the back or neck

- Loss of bladder or bowel control

- Difficulty walking or standing

- Abnormal reflexes

- Muscle Spasms or cramps

- Fatigue

- Difficulty with coordination and balance

- Difficulty with speech or swallowing

What are the causes of Acute transverse myelitis?

The exact cause of acute transverse myelitis is often unknown, but it is believed to be caused by an autoimmune reaction, viral infection, or a reaction to certain medications. Other potential causes include multiple sclerosis, Lyme disease, syphilis, HIV, and certain types of cancer.

What are the treatments for Acute transverse myelitis?

The treatment for acute transverse myelitis depends on the severity of the condition and the underlying cause. Treatment may include:

1. Corticosteroids: These medications help reduce inflammation and can be taken orally or intravenously.

2. Immunomodulators: These medications help to suppress the immune system and can be taken orally or intravenously.

3. Plasma exchange: This procedure involves removing the plasma from the blood and replacing it with a solution to help reduce inflammation.

4. Physical therapy: This can help to improve strength, balance, and coordination.

5. Occupational therapy: This can help to improve daily functioning and activities of daily living.

6. Speech therapy: This can help to improve communication and swallowing.

7. Assistive devices: These can help to improve mobility and independence.

What are the risk factors for Acute transverse myelitis?

1. Viral infections, such as the flu, measles, and chickenpox
2. Bacterial infections, such as Lyme disease
3. Autoimmune disorders, such as multiple sclerosis
4. Exposure to certain medications, such as interferon
5. Exposure to certain toxins, such as lead
6. Recent vaccinations
7. Recent surgery
8. Recent travel
9. Stress
10. Exposure to certain chemicals

Is there a cure/medications for Acute transverse myelitis?

Yes, there is no single treatment for acute transverse myelitis, but medications may be used to reduce inflammation, manage symptoms, and prevent further damage. These medications may include corticosteroids, immunosuppressants, and plasma exchange. Physical therapy and rehabilitation may also be recommended to help improve mobility and function.