About Acute flaccid myelitis

What is Acute flaccid myelitis?

Acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) is a rare neurological condition that affects the spinal cord and can cause paralysis. It is most commonly seen in children and is believed to be caused by a virus, although the exact cause is unknown. Symptoms include sudden onset of arm or leg weakness, facial droop or weakness, difficulty speaking or swallowing, and loss of muscle tone and reflexes. Treatment typically involves physical therapy and supportive care.

What are the symptoms of Acute flaccid myelitis?

The symptoms of Acute Flaccid Myelitis (AFM) can vary from person to person, but generally include:

- Weakness in one or more limbs

- Loss of muscle tone and reflexes

- Facial droop or weakness

- Difficulty moving the eyes
- Drooping eyelids
- Difficulty with swallowing or slurred speech
- Numbness or Tingling in the arms or legs
- Pain in the arms or legs

In some cases, AFM can also cause respiratory failure, which can be life-threatening.

What are the causes of Acute flaccid myelitis?

The exact cause of acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) is unknown. It is believed to be caused by viral infections, such as enteroviruses, adenoviruses, and West Nile virus. Other possible causes include environmental toxins, genetic disorders, and autoimmune diseases.

What are the treatments for Acute flaccid myelitis?

The treatment for acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) depends on the severity of the condition and the underlying cause. Treatment may include:

1. Physical therapy: Physical therapy can help improve muscle strength and function.

2. Occupational therapy: Occupational therapy can help improve daily activities and independence.

3. Medications: Medications may be prescribed to reduce inflammation, improve muscle strength, and reduce pain.

4. Surgery: Surgery may be necessary to correct any structural problems in the spine or to remove any tumors or other masses.

5. Assistive devices: Assistive devices such as braces, splints, and wheelchairs may be necessary to help with mobility.

6. Rehabilitation: Rehabilitation may be necessary to help with physical and occupational therapy.

What are the risk factors for Acute flaccid myelitis?

1. Recent viral infection, such as enterovirus, West Nile virus, or adenovirus
2. Exposure to environmental toxins
3. Weakened immune system
4. Certain genetic factors
5. Age (children under the age of 5 are more likely to develop AFM)

Is there a cure/medications for Acute flaccid myelitis?

At this time, there is no specific treatment or cure for acute flaccid myelitis (AFM). Treatment for AFM may include physical or occupational therapy to help with arm or leg weakness caused by the condition. Medications may also be prescribed to reduce inflammation and manage symptoms such as pain, fever, and muscle spasms.